Africa Outlook Report 2023

Sub-Saharan Africa, with a population of approximately 1.3 billion, represents about one-fifth of the global population but consumes only 3% of the world’s electricity. Despite this, innovative entrepreneurship and a growing array of energy sources are gradually overcoming the challenges posed by the region’s outdated infrastructure. Off-grid solar power is expected to play a significant role in providing electricity to new connections in the foreseeable future. While only a few African countries have achieved full electricity access, such as Egypt and Tunisia, others, including Mauritius, Cabo Verde, and Gabon, have made significant progress. Larger economies like South Africa and Ghana still face challenges in providing universal electricity access, with power cuts remaining a prominent issue, particularly in South Africa, where it has become a significant political concern.

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